For those who want to grow flowers, learning to match soil is an essential skill.
To learn how to match soil well, first of all we need to know the characteristics of common media.
1. Peat soil
In fact, peat soil is the soil accumulated in the mountains, valleys, rivers and lakes. The peat layer contains many plants that have not been completely decomposed. Peat soil is mainly taken from marsh peat land, as well as sphagnum peat land. The advantage of peat soil is that the nutrients are sufficient and the ability to retain water and fertilizer is very strong.
The disadvantage is that too long will cause soil compaction and also damage the growth environment.
There are many cracks in the perlite structure, which can absorb water and nutrients. After being mixed in the soil, it can absorb water to keep the soil moist. After the water inside evaporates a part, it can continue to replenish the water and slow down the rate of water loss . The same is true for fertilizers, slowly releasing fertilizer effects.
3. Humic soil
Humus is formed by long-term decay and fermentation of dead leaves and leaves of trees in the topsoil layer of the forest. Has strong fertility
Humic soil can be used to grow orchid after high temperature sterilization, the effect is very good
Ceramsite, as the name implies, is a ceramic grain. The appearance characteristics of ceramsite are mostly round or oval spherical
The ceramsite has good thermal insulation because of its porous interior, suitable for planting plants that are not tolerant of large temperature differences
5. Coal cinder
Coal slag is the burned coal residue, which has strong ventilation and drainage capabilities, no pests and diseases, and needs to be mixed with other media when planting flowers
6. Coconut bran
Coconut bran refers to by-products or waste products after processing the fiber powder of the coconut shell. Its low pH is not easy to breed microorganisms. It has good water retention and permeability, slow natural decomposition rate, degradable and low cost; the disadvantage is that it is only used for planting, and the root system may be weak. Generally used for seedling cultivation or mixed with other substrates
7.Jade red soil
Jade red soil is made up of volcanic ash and is the most widely used soil medium. High-permeability volcanic mud, dark red round particles; no harmful bacteria, pH value is slightly acidic. Its shape is conducive to water storage and drainage, and it is used more in succulent cultivation
8. Sphagnum moss
Sphagnum moss is a kind of natural moss, widely used in the cultivation of various orchids, is one of the best materials for planting cultivation substrate
9. Pine needle
It is a woody cover soil commonly used for cultivation, which refers to the product after the pine needles are rotted or mixed with the soil. Lighter texture and wide coverage, has better moisturizing effect and can effectively prevent soil erosion.
It has better insect control effect, such as termites, so it can better protect the garden plants, and the pine needles can provide more nutrients to the plants after decaying.
The above is the commonly used soil distribution medium, the following recommends several soil distribution schemes to the flower friends
40% peat soil, 20% coconut bran, 20% perlite, 20% red jade soil
Second, the succulents with soil
40% peat soil, 30% red jade soil, 30% volcanic stone
Three, orchid with soil
30% peat soil, 20% pine needles, 25% sphagnum, 15% perlite, 10% humus
Four, common raw materials with soil
50% peat soil, 20% humus, 10% pine needles, 20% cinder